SCHAEFFER, CLAUDE F.A.° (1898–1982), French archaeologist. He was curator of the French National Museums and   the Museum of Antiquities (1933); director of research of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (1946); and professor of European prehistory and national archaeology at the Ecole du Louvre (1951) and at the College of France (1954). He directed a number of French archaeological missions in Italy, Turkey, Egypt, and especially at Ras Shamra in Syria and Enkomia-Alasia in Cyprus. Schaeffer is principally remembered as the excavator of Ras Shamra (see ugarit ), one of the most remarkable archaeological discoveries of the 20th century bearing directly upon the language and literature of the Hebrew Bible. He examined the importance of Ras Shamra for the understanding of the literature, archaeology, history, and theology of Israel and its surroundings. The religion of Ras Shamra and the form and quality of Canaanite poetry are compared with the Bible in his 1936 Schweich Lectures of the British Academy, published in 1939 as The Cuneiform Texts of Ras Shamra-Ugarit. The authoritative reports directly covering the expeditions at Ras Shamra published under his direction include La… campagne de fouilles à Ras Shamra-Ugarit (17 vols. (1929–55); Ugaritica (4 vols., 1939–62), and Le Palais Royal d'Ugarit, containing the texts from the different literary archives of the royal palace at Ras Shamra (1955). (Zev Garber)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Schaeffer, Claude — (1898 1982)    archaeologist    Born in Strasbourg, Claude Schaeffer took part in the archaeological excavations at Ras Shamra (ougarit) in 1929 in Syria, where he discovered thousands of tablets written in the cuneiform script. He also found… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Schaeffer, Claude-Frédéric-Armand — ▪ German archaeologist born March 6, 1898, Strassburg, Ger. [now Strasbourg, France] death reported Oct. 5, 1982       French archaeologist whose excavation of the ancient city of Ugarit at Ras Shamra, Syria, disclosed a succession of cultures… …   Universalium

  • Claude F. A. Schaeffer — Claude Frédéric Armand Schaeffer (1898 – 1982)[1], aka Claude Schaeffer, led the French excavation team that begun working on the site of Ugarit in 1929, uncovering the Ugaritic religious texts.[2] References ^ Biography of Claude F. A. Schaeffer …   Wikipedia

  • Claude Arrieu — (born Paris, November 30, 1903 died Paris, March 7, 1990) was a prolific French composer. Contents 1 Biography 2 Selected works for stage and broadcast 3 Sources 4 External …   Wikipedia

  • Claude F. A. Schaeffer — (1898 – 1982),[1] más conocido como Claude Schaeffer, dirigió el equipo francés que excavó el sitio de Ugarit en 1929. References ↑ Biography of Claude F. A. Schaeffer Categorías: Nacidos en 1898Fallecidos en 1982Arqueo …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Claude Arrieu — est une compositrice française, née à Paris le 30 novembre 1903 et morte en cette ville le 7 mars 1990. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Œuvres 3 Témoignage …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Pierre Schaeffer — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Schaeffer. Pierre Schaeffer Naissance 14 août 1910 Nancy, Lorraine, France …   Wikipédia en Français

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